PREVALENCE OF MALARIA AMONG ANTENATAL CLIENTS ATTENDING PANSHEKARA PRIMARY HEALTHCARE, KUMBOTSO KANO STATE, NIGERIA
- Malaria infection,
- risk factors
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 West African Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Background and Objectives: Malaria infection during pregnancy remains a serious public health problem in the world. More than fifty million women residing in malaria endemic areas become pregnant every year. In Africa alone, Malaria has been estimated to cause excess figures of women death during pregnancy. It is particularly making pregnant women vulnerable which become a major cause of perinatal mortality, low birth weight and maternal anemia. The present study was aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors associated with malaria in antenatal clients attending Panshekara Primary Health Care Kumbotso, Kano State, Nigeria.
Methodology: The research study was carried out between July and October 2023. The hospital is located at Kumbotso Local Government area, Kano State, Nigeria. For this study, prevalence of malaria infection among pregnant women aged 16-above was determined. The research was carried out at Panshekara Primary Healthcare, in which a total of 220 blood samples were collected from pregnant women. Diagnosis was made by microscopic analyses using thin and thick blood smears to determine the prevalence of malaria parasite infection.
Results: Of the total 220 blood samples examined, only 86 samples were positive recording to about 39.1 %. Thus, confirmed their awareness with regards to malaria infection. For gravidity, it was indicated that prim-gravids were more susceptible to malaria infection than multi-gravids and hence, age and gravidity might be the significant factors that influence malaria infection.
Conclusion: Previous history of malaria during pregnancy represents a risk factor for current infection and lack of knowledge of early diagnosis of malaria for prim-gravid women at first and second trimesters was an important risk factor associated with malaria infection during pregnancy.