Vol. 3 No. 3 (2024)
Articles

CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF PROFESSIONALISING SOCIAL WORK IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS

Edward Dauda Ibrahim Anzaku, PhD
Department of Social Work Federal University of Lafia, Nigeria. edwardanzaku@gmail.com/edwardanzaku@yahoo.com
Gimba Hezekiah Dikop, PhD
Department of Sociology University of Jos, Nigeria. dikopg@gmail.com

Published 2024-03-16

Keywords

  • Professionalizing Social Work,
  • challenges,
  • prospects

How to Cite

Edward Dauda Ibrahim Anzaku, & Gimba Hezekiah Dikop. (2024). CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF PROFESSIONALISING SOCIAL WORK IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS. Scholarly Journal of Social Sciences Research, 3(3), 1-10. https://www.openjournals.ijaar.org/index.php/sjssr/article/view/455

How to Cite

Edward Dauda Ibrahim Anzaku, & Gimba Hezekiah Dikop. (2024). CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF PROFESSIONALISING SOCIAL WORK IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS. Scholarly Journal of Social Sciences Research, 3(3), 1-10. https://www.openjournals.ijaar.org/index.php/sjssr/article/view/455

Abstract

This paper looks at the challenges and prospect of Professionalising Social Work in Nigeria. Social Work in advanced countries of the world and some African countries, has attained professional status and seen such in practice. In Nigeria, Social Work is far from being practiced as a profession. The main objective of this paper therefore, is to ascertain the challenges inhibiting Social Work professionalism in Nigeria and to chat a way to attain professional status that it really is. In this paper, Social Work professional practice in Nigeria came under scrutiny as the profession is being practiced by all sundry without restriction. Three categories of respondents were selected and sampled for the study. First, were those working in social welfare agencies across three States; second, were the academic staff and students of post-graduate studies in the Departments of Social Work in three Universities. A sample 184 out of an estimated population of 1840 respondents was determined using Charan and Biswas sample size determination and administered questionnaire. Whereas in-depth interview was conducted on 15 officials of Nigerian Association of Social Workers bringing total sample to 199. The paper was based on four questions; One key question was on the challenges of professionalizing Social Work in Nigeria. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 26 and contents analysis. The result revealed a significant number of practitioners of Social Work across social welfare agencies in Nigeria without the prerequisite knowledge of Social Work profession. The result also revealed high prospect for Social Work profession in Nigeria, as is seen practiced in agencies offering social welfare services across the social welfare Departments of all the 774 LGAs and some front-line ministries and parastatals. One of the major challenges of Professionalising Social Work practice in Nigeria, was lack of law backing its practice. Though this aspect has recently been resolved by passing the bill into law, much still need to be done in the area certification and licensing, an ideal permission to practice. To professionalize Social Work in Nigeria, the study recommends that the Nigeria Association of Social Workers should ensure the passage of the long-awaited bill into law be made effective. This can be done through the establishment of Institute of Social Work for certification, accreditation and licensing of Social Workers in Nigeria; as is the case with other professions in Nigeria and elsewhere.

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