RIPPLES OF INFECTION: UNRAVELING THE EFFECT OF WATERBORNE DISEASES ON HEALTH OUTCOME IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
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This study investigates the ripples of infection: unraveling the effect of waterborne diseases on health outcome in Delta state, Nigeria. The Cost of Illness Theory serves as the theoretical framework for this study. Data for the research were primarily gathered through questionnaires administered to 345 respondents. Logistic regression models analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) v23 were employed to test the relationship between the predictors: namely Cholera (CHR), Typhoid (TYR), Hepatitis A (HAR), and Amoebiasis (AMR), and the dependent variable: life expectancy (LEX). The findings revealed a statistically significant and negative relationship between Cholera Rate (CHR), Typhoid Rate (TYR), Hepatitis A Rate (HAR), Amoebiasis Rate (AMR) and life expectancy (LEX) in Delta State. This research concludes that water-borne diseases have a profound effect on health outcomes in Delta state. Consequently, it is recommended that vaccination programs be integrated into routine immunization strategies. Moreover, Delta State should prioritize sanitation improvements and access to clean water sources. Investments in proper sewage disposal and the provision of safe drinking water, particularly in underserved areas, are essential. These improvements will not only reduce the economic burden but also enhance public health and well-being.