IMPACT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HUMANITARIAN AID IN PROMOTING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: NIGERIA IN FOCUS
- United Nations,
- Humanitarian Aid,
- Economic development,
- Poverty alleviation,
- Economic sustainability
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This paper investigates how humanitarian aid from the United Nations (UN) influences the economic growth of developing nations, with a focus on Nigeria. Nigeria's economy is beset by a number of issues, such as poverty, unemployment, and a lack of infrastructure. The purpose of this study is to offer empirical proof of the influence of UN humanitarian aid on Nigeria's economic growth. The study used a descriptive research approach and qualitative analysis to evaluate the humanitarian activities of the UN in Nigeria and their impact on the country's economic growth. An extensive investigation of UN humanitarian programs in Nigeria, including those for food assistance, healthcare, education, and infrastructure development, was part of the study's qualitative analysis. It looked at how well these initiatives worked to meet urgent humanitarian needs while also promoting long-term economic growth and stability. The paper utilized secondary sources of data from the literature, empirical field research, and information from national and international organizations, including journal articles, reports on the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations, online publications, and papers. The Harrod-Domar growth model was used to analyze how humanitarian Aid affected Nigeria's economic development. The study found that UN humanitarian aid has played a significant role in mitigating immediate crises in Nigeria, such as food shortages and disease outbreaks. However, its long-term impact on economic development remains in doubt. Thus, recommends that Nigerian government should ensure that humanitarian aid programs are aligned with long-term development goals to foster sustainable economic growth, in addition to providing short-term relief. Also the need to improve coordination between different UN agencies and between the UN and the government of Nigeria. This will help to avoid duplication of efforts and to ensure that aid is delivered in a timely and effective manner.