EFFECT OF FLOODING AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCIES IN NIGERIA: ANAMBRA STATE IN FOCUS
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Flooding in Nigeria has been a recurrent issue, often leading to significant economic, environmental, and social consequences. The effectiveness of emergency management agencies in Nigeria in tackling the menace of flooding has varied over time and across different regions. This paper examines the effect of flooding in Nigeria and the effectiveness of emergency management agencies in mitigating the effects in Nigeria with focus on Anambra State, considering factors such as preparedness, coordination and public awareness, aiming to provide insights into improving flood response strategies and enhancing resilience in the face of future incidents. In this regard, the paper adopted the qualitative research design and applied Emergency Management Theory as its theoretical framework of analysis, while data were gathered through secondary sources. The paper found out among others that there is no proper management of flood in most communities in Anambra state, occasioned by poor funding, lack of disaster management equipment and facilities in ANSEMA in carrying out their assigned disaster management functions. More so, communities are not used to the proactive measures of flood management, hence they wait for the commencement of flooding and their possible evacuation to displacement camps at the upland or at other parts of the state where flooding was not endemic. Hence recommends well-equipped ANSEMA and compulsory compliance policy be formulated and enforced to compel the members of the public to abide by ANSEMA's advice on disasters. Also, building of dams across the river channels could help in the effective management of flooding in Anambra State.